So, I don’t know if any of you have ever played HQ Trivia. In any session, they have between 500,000 and almost 2 million players, so statistically speaking, I guess there is a chance you have. While it has nothing to do with legal ethics, in order to understand the context of what follows, let me give you a quick primer.
It is something that would have been 5 years ago the stuff of science fiction or an even an episode of Black Mirror. It is an app on your phone through which you can play trivia in real-time answering questions read by a human being host. Each question is presented with three multiple-choice answers and you have 10 seconds from when the host starts reading the question to click your answer. If you answer correctly, you get to move on to the next question. If you don’t, you are eliminated. In the standard format, the quiz consists of 12 questions and, if you answer all the questions correctly, you win or split the pot with any other players who have done so. (When the largest pots are offered they increase the number of questions to 15 or, quite recently, they have experimented with as many questions as is necessary to narrow down to just winner in a winner-take-all format.)
The dollar amount of the prize varies. It is typically $2,500 but, as it appears they are closer to whatever plan they have in place for monetizing the app approaches, they have recently offered a pot as large as $100,0o0. Reportedly, tonight they will be offering a $250,000 pot. I have won the game on one occasion and, of course, when I did there were so many other winners that my share came to just shy of $2. (I also know there are other companies doing similar games and some of those are competing against HQ on the basis of how awful one particular financial backer of HQ reportedly is, so I’m not going to link or provide publicity to the game, but it is the one I play [for better or worse] so if you decide to sign up for it and put in my user name – bsfaughnan- as a referral code then I will get some extra lives.)
Now all that is background for today’s topic – which is the intersection and overlap of the ethics rules and what they prohibit members of our profession from doing and the First Amendment. This topic is frequently one I spend time thinking about because for many years my practice has also involved representing clients on First Amendment issues and, in fact, though I continue to not be listed in Best Lawyers for Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility, in addition to being listed for Appellate Law, I am listed for Litigation-First Amendment. It is also a topic that I have been thinkng about frequently because of various events that have worked their way into my line of sight either directly or indirectly. Those three events are: (1) the outpouring of comments from particular portions of the bar in Tennessee arguing that the proposed RPC 8.4(g) in Tennessee is an assault on their First Amendment rights; (2) the latest post from Avvo’s GC criticizing ABA Formal Op. 480; and (3) the head of a prominent law firm speaking out publicly to indicate that a star lawyer of his firm turned down the opportunity to represent the current occupant of The White House.
So, here’s the HQ-style question and, remember, there is only one correct answer. You won’t be limited to 10 seconds to answer from the time you start reading the question however:
Which of these presents the most compelling case for finding that discipline against a lawyer would violate the lawyer’s First Amendment rights?
- A lawyer tweets – without client permission – about a jury verdict she obtained in order to advertise the successful outcome.
- A lawyer, during a CLE or bar association social event, decides to lecture everyone in the room about why he considers marriage between two persons of the same gender to be an abomination.
- A lawyer, consulted by a politician who she finds to be vile, or have views she finds to be vile, holds a press conference or tweets that she refused to represent that politician because she disagrees with everything he stands for.